If there is a proposal on one side and the adoption of that proposal on the other. The result is a promise. This promise from both parties is called an “agreement.” Even if a father made an agreement with his son that the father provided him with a new bike when the son reaches 105% in his on-board exams. It is considered a null agreement because it is an agreement to do an impossible act. APPLICATION OF THE LAW: – The Indian Contract Act 2 (h) states that the contract is a legally enforceable agreement. If an agreement is enforceable by law, it is a contract, if not a simple agreement. a mutual understanding between two or more legally competent natural or legal persons that they will subsequently conclude a contract when the precise terms of the contract have not yet been established; without obligation. « 10. all agreements are contractual if they are concluded by the free consent of the Contracting Parties against legitimate consideration and for a legitimate purpose and are not expressly annulled by this Convention”.
A cancelled contract is a contract that has no legal effect. An illegal contract, such as the contract not concluded, has no legal effect between the parties directly concerned, but it also has the additional effect that the transaction guarantees are vitiated by illegality and therefore enforceable. 5. Free consent: is essential for an agreement and therefore for a valid contract. If two people reach a similar agreement in the same direction, let them accept the promise. The agreement of the parties must be genuine. However, for a valid treaty, we must have free consent, which means that both parties must have reached an agreement without one of them having been influenced, forced, misadformed or induced to do so. In other words, we say that if the agreement of one of the parties is knowingly or accidentally compromised, the contract between the parties is no longer valid. This is another essential element of a valid contract. Approval means that the parties must have agreed to the same thing in the same sense. There should be a consensus – ad – idem.
For a valid contract, it is necessary that the consent of the parties to the contact is free. An agreement should be reached with the free consent of the parties. • the law prohibits it. • of such a nature that, if permitted, it would null and neas the provisions of a law; or is misleading. • implies or implies a violation of the person or property of another person • the Court considers that this is immoral or contrary to public order These conditions will make the agreement illegal. . . .