The U.S. has used the deal at least twice to keep accused military personnel under U.S. jurisdiction.   On January 18, 2006, the U.S. military arrested four soldiers accused of rape while on their way to Subic Bay during their trial in a Philippine court.  They were detained by U.S. officials at the U.S. Embassy in Manila. This has sparked protests from those who believe the agreement is unilateral, damaging and contrary to the sovereignty of the Philippines. [Citation required] The agreement was characterized to grant immunity to U.S.
military personnel who commit crimes against Filipinos and to treat Filipinos as second-class citizens in their own country.   Because of these problems, some members of the Philippine Congress considered ending VFA in 2006.   However, the agreement has not been amended.