Workers are not required to join a union in a given workplace. Nevertheless, most industries, with an average union training of 70%, are subject to a collective agreement. An agreement does not prohibit higher wages and better benefits, but sets a legal minimum, much like a minimum wage. In addition, an agreement on national income policy is often, but not always, reached, bringing together all trade unions, employers` organisations and the Finnish government.  In 24 states, workers working in a unionized company may be required to participate in representation fees (for example. B at disciplinary hearings) if their colleagues negotiated a union safety clause in their contract with management. The fee is usually 1 to 2% of the salary. However, union members and other employees receive on average a wage increase of 5 to 10% compared to their non-unionized (or unsured) colleagues.  Some states, particularly in the southern parts of the central and southeastern United States, have banned union security clauses; This can be controversial because it allows some net beneficiaries of the union contract to avoid paying their share of the cost of contract negotiations. Regardless of the state, the Supreme Court ruled that the law prevented a person`s trade union rights from being used without consent to fund political concerns that might conflict with the individual`s personal policy. Instead, in states where union security clauses are permitted, these deviants can only pay the share of levies paid directly to the representation of workers.  The term “collective bargaining” was first used in 1891 by Beatrice Webb, founder of the INDUSTRIAL relations sector in the United Kingdom.
 It refers to the type of collective bargaining and agreements that have existed since the rise of trade unions in the 18th century. The right to bargain collectively with an employer strengthens the human dignity, freedom and autonomy of workers by giving them the opportunity to influence the definition of labour rules and thus gain some control over an important aspect of their lives, namely their work… Collective bargaining is not just a tool for pursuing external objectives… Rather, it is an experience as an experience of self-management that is in itself valuable… Collective bargaining enables workers to achieve some form of democracy in the workplace and to guarantee the rule of law in the workplace.